The Relationship Between Use of Writing Strategies and English Proficiency in Singapore Primary Schools

Rui Bai, Guangwei Hu, Peter Yongqi Gu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


This article reports on a questionnaire-based investigation of writing strategies used by Singapore primary school pupils. A sample of 1,618 pupils from two local primary schools participated in the study. A number of one-way ANOVA analyses were run to measure the relationship between the participants' use of writing strategies and their English language proficiency. The findings show that Singapore upper primary school pupils used a wide range of writing strategies at a medium frequency. Planning, text-generating, revising, monitoring and evaluating, and resourcing strategies were found to be significantly correlated with the participants' English language results. However, local variations were also detected. Methodological limitations and recommendations for future research are then discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)355-365
Number of pages11
JournalAsia-Pacific Education Researcher
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Language proficiency
  • Singapore
  • Writing strategies
  • Writing strategy questionnaire
  • Young learners

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

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