The relationship between air layers and evaporative resistance of male Chinese ethnic clothing

Faming Wang, Hui Peng, Wen Shi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the air layer distribution and evaporative resistances of 39 sets of male Chinese ethnic clothing were investigated using a sweating thermal manikin and the three-dimensional (3D) body scanning technique. Relationships between the evaporative resistance and air layers (i.e., air gap thickness and air volume) were explored. The results demonstrated that the clothing total evaporative resistance increases with the increasing air gap size/air volume, but the rate of increase gradually decreases as the mean air gap size or the total air volume becomes larger. The clothing total evaporative resistance reaches its maximum when the average air gap size and the total air volume are 41.6 mm and 69.9 dm3, respectively. Similar general trends were also found between local mean air gap size and clothing local evaporative resistance at different body parts. However, different body parts show varied rates of increase and decrease in the local evaporative resistance. The research findings provide a comprehensive database for predicting overall and local human thermal comfort while wearing male Chinese ethnic clothing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-202
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Air gap
  • Air volume
  • Local evaporative resistance
  • Non-western clothing
  • Thermal manikin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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