The protective functions of relationships, social support and self-esteem in the life satisfaction of children of migrant workers in Shanghai, China

Daniel Fu Keung Wong, Yingli Chang, Xuesong He, Qiaobing Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: At present, China has approximately 20 million migrant school-aged children accompanying their parents in relocating to the cities. However, very little is known about them. Using a resilience framework, the present study attempted to examine the psychosocial factors affecting their life satisfaction in Shanghai, China. Methods: A total of 625 migrant children were recruited from 10 schools in Shanghai through a cross-sectional survey design using multi-stage cluster sampling method. The questionnaire included measures of life satisfaction, self-esteem, social support, relationships at school and the parent—child and peer relationships. Results: Hierarchical regression analysis was performed to explore the relative effects of different relationship domains, self-esteem and social support on the life satisfaction of migrant children. The results suggested that parent—child and peer relationships significantly influenced the life satisfaction of children of migrant workers. Relationships in school did not exert such effect. Both social support and self-esteem had significant effects on the life satisfaction of migrant children. Conclusions: Relationship factors, social support and self-esteem are critical factors affecting the life satisfaction of migrant children. The findings and implications were discussed in relation to developmental and migration-related issues and the social contexts of the lives of children of migrant workers in Shanghai, China.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Social Psychiatry
Volume56
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • children of migrant workers
  • China
  • parent—child relationship
  • peer relationship
  • social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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