The prevalence of and risk factors for back pain among home care nursing personnel in Hong Kong

Kin Cheung, Marion Gillen, Julia Faucett, Niklas Krause

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)


Background: There is a large gap in research with regard to back pain (BP) among home care nursing personnel (HCNP); only seven studies have been conducted worldwide. There is a need to identify the magnitude of and risk factors for BP that are unique to Hong Kong (HK) HCNP. Methods: A total population sampling technique was employed in this cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. Hierarchical multiple logistic regression analyses were used to control for potentially confounding variables. Results: The 12-month prevalence of upper and lower BP was 71.2% (n = 265). Three predictors were identified: physical risk factors in the office (OR = 3.57, 95% CI = 1.55-8.24), static postures (OR = 1.41, 95% CI = 1.04-1.90), and psychological job demands (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.01-1.22). Conclusion: HCNP in HK have a high prevalence of BP. BP in HK HCNP is independently attributable to physical work factors in the office, static postures, and psychological job demands, and is not primarily associated with patient lifting and transferring which are traditionally identified as risk factors for BP in hospital nursing personnel.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-22
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Industrial Medicine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006


  • Job stress
  • Musculoskeletal disorders
  • Office work
  • Static postures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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