The predictors and outcome of psychiatric disorders among survivors post-earthquake: Survey from Sichuan China

Dongling Liu, Xiaolian Jiang, Samantha Pang, Sijian Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective The aims of the study were to investigate predictors and outcomes of psychiatric disorders among survivors post- earthquake. Design Cross-sectional design survey. Setting Government-aided communities with temporary shelters. Subjects A multistage stratified and cluster sampling strategy was employed to select participants via face-to-face interviews,and a total of 1,297 survivors participated in the research. Main outcome measure Psychiatric disorders were measured with self-reporting questionnaire-20 (SRQ-20), and quality of life wasmeasured with medical outcomes study 36-item short form health survey (SF-36) and a series of problems weremade to evaluate the demographic characteristics of survivors. Results The findings of the present study show that psychiatric morbidity was very prevalent among survivors (76.6%).Negative correlation was found between the total score of SRQ and PCS (rs= -0.525, p<0.001), and MCS(rs= -0.679,p<0.001) by Pearson correlation analysis. The multivariate logistic regression analysis demonstrated that female,aged 60 or older, having financial burden and having >2 chronic diseases were significant risk factors for psychiatricdisorder. While married, monthly income > ¥1,500, and with medical insurance were significant protection factorsagainst psychiatric disorders. Conclusions The psychiatric morbidity was very prevalent among survivors two years after the earthquake. The survivors withpsychiatric disorders tend to have poor quality of life. Appropriate public health and medical interventions should putan emphasis on survivors who are female, aged 60 or older, having financial burden and having >2 chronic diseasesbecause they are at heightened risk for psychiatric disorders.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-13
Number of pages9
JournalAustralian Journal of Advanced Nursing
Volume31
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • Disasters
  • Earthquake
  • Psychiatric disorders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Advanced and Specialised Nursing

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