The photocatalytic degradation of dicamba in TiO2suspensions with the help of hydrogen peroxide by different near UV irradiations

Wei Chu, C. C. Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

114 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The direct photolysis and the photocatalytic degradations of dicamba in TiO2suspensions with and without the use of hydrogen peroxide were studied using two different monochromatic UV irradiations (300 and 350nm). Both the direct photolysis and photocatalytic degradations of dicamba follow pseudo-first-order decay kinetics. Photolysis reactions were slow but the corresponding photocatalysis rates were increased by about 3 and 5 times in the presence of TiO2at 300 and 350nm of UV, respectively. Photocatalytic rates were increased with the pH at acidic to neutral ranges because of the increase of hydroxide ions, but the reaction was gradually retarded at the alkaline medium due to the effect of charges repulsion. The different proton sources causing various degrees of rate retardation were due to the presence of the corresponding counter anions. The results of H2O2-assisted photocatalysis experiments showed that a low H2O2dosage in photocatalysis using UV 300nm would enhance the decay rate of dicamba by 2.4 times, but an overdose of H2O2will retard the rate because of the expenditure of hydroxyl radicals. However, this process was found impracticable at UV 350nm due to the absorption characteristic of H2O2. A neutral initial pH level was found to favour the H2O2-assisted photocatalysis at UV 300nm. The reactions were highly retarded at the alkaline medium due to the unstable properties of H2O2.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1043
Number of pages7
JournalWater Research
Volume38
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

Keywords

  • Dicamba
  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Mechanism
  • Photocatalysis
  • Titanium dioxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modelling
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution

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