The moderating effect of self-efficacy and gender on work engagement for restaurant employees in the United States

Juan Liu, Seonghee Cho, Eka Diraksa Putra

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: The purpose of the study was to examine the moderating effect of self-efficacy and gender on work engagement. Design/methodology/approach: The survey study was conducted on 149 restaurant employees, and multiple regression analyses were used to analyze the data. Findings: Self-efficacy significantly moderated the impact of perceived organizational support on work engagement, but the moderating effect of self-efficacy was only significant for women with low self-efficacy. Self-efficacy did not moderate the impact of work engagement on intent to leave. Practical implications: The results of the study provide suggestions for managing men and women with different levels of self-efficacy in the hospitality workplace. Originality/value: The focus of previous studies on work engagement has primarily been on its antecedents and outcomes, but little is known about individual differences in the relationship between work engagement and its antecedents/outcomes. This is the first study investigating self-efficacy and gender as moderators of work engagement in the hospitality industry.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)624-642
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017


  • Gender
  • Intent to leave
  • Perceived organizational support
  • Self-efficacy
  • Work engagement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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