The mechanism of nano-scale shear banding in metallic glass

Weidong Liu, Haihui Ruan, Liangchi Zhang

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


Shear banding features the deformation of metallic glass (MG) at low temperature. Understanding how a shear band forms is of primary importance for the toughening of MG and for the widening of their applications. This study used the molecular dynamics method to reveal the shear banding mechanisms in MG under different loading conditions. The MG used for the analysis was the binary glass Zr50Cu50. It was found that the underlying mechanism of plastic deformation, which is reflected by the rearrangement of atoms, is characterised by the sudden increase of kinetic energy of local atomic clusters, and that shear banding is a stress-driven coalescence of these localized atomic rearrangements. Under the simple shear loading, a shear band forms at the region of the maximum shear stress. However, under a uniaxial compression, a shear band may not form since there is no particular band of maximum shear stress and the randomly occurred local rearrangements do not necessarily align with the maximum shear direction. As such, the formation of a shear band depends on whether the mismatch strain caused by a local rearrangement is large enough to cause an event in the neighbourhood. The ratio of the local strain rate to the applied strain rate can be used as a severity measure of the local atomic rearrangement. Reducing the applied strain rate can eventually facilitate the shear banding.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvances in Applied Mechanics Research, Conference Proceedings - 7th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, ACAM 2012
PublisherNational Committee on Applied Mechanics
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781922107619
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event7th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, ACAM 2012 - Adelaide, SA, Australia
Duration: 9 Dec 201212 Dec 2012


Conference7th Australasian Congress on Applied Mechanics, ACAM 2012
CityAdelaide, SA


  • Metallic glass
  • Molecular dynamics
  • Plasticity
  • Shear band
  • Strain rate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials


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