The Meaning of Leisure for Residents in Hong Kong

Nga Ling Chan, Honggen Xiao, Cho Yuk Chau, Hiu Tan Ma

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This article reports an inductive analysis of the meanings of leisure and the meaningfulness of its pursuit withheld by residents in Hong Kong; the study probes into the constraints, experiences, and impacts of leisure participation. In-depth interviews and grounded theory methodology were adopted for this inquiry. It was found that freedom, happiness, enjoyment, and health are shared elements in participants' perceptions of leisure. A perceptual discrepancy has emerged as a recurring theme in their (de)construction of leisure through contrasting reality (or actuality) against the ideal (or desired) state. The study participants alluded to both tourism- related (extraordinary) and nontourism-related (ordinary) activities in their leisure experience. A favorable attitude was noted of the informants towards leisure travel and consuming hospitality outside their usual "home" environment. Implications of the study for hospitality and tourism as well as its limitations and future research are also reflected.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)311-329
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Hospitality Marketing and Management
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2012


  • grounded theory methodology
  • Hong Kong
  • hospitality
  • leisure
  • quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management Information Systems
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Marketing


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