The magnitude of diurnal/semidiurnal atmospheric tides (S1/S2) and their impacts on the continuous GPS coordinate time series

Zhao Li, Wu Chen, Weiping Jiang, Liansheng Deng, Ronghua Yang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The site displacement due to diurnal and semidiurnal atmospheric tides (S1/S2) is often neglected in the routine precise GPS data processing. We recall the S1/S2 modeling method and show the magnitude of the S1/S2 tides under the Center of Mass (CM) frame. The results show that the annual amplitudes caused by both S1 and S2 tides exceed 1 mm for stations near the equator. The impact of S1/S2 on the 24-h Global Positioning System (GPS) solution is typically at the sub-mm level, and the scatter of the S1/S2 caused displacement difference increases with the decreasing latitude for northern hemisphere stations, among which the maximum Standard Deviation (STD) reaches up to 1.5 mm, 1 mm and 0.7 mm for the Up, East and North components, respectively, at low-latitude stations. We also find that 65% of the stations' vertical velocity change caused by S1/S2 is larger than 1%, among which the maximum velocity variation rate reaches more than 40% for some coastal/island stations, while stations with the weighted root mean square reduced account for 65%, 39%, and 38% for the up, east, and north components respectively, in particular for most coastal/island stations. Furthermore, the S1/S2 correction could partly reduce the annual and the semi-annual signals of the global stacked vertical component together with the semi-annual amplitude of the east component. The power of some anomalous harmonics of 1.04 cycle per year also decreased a lot. These results further prove the benefits of S1/S2 correction in the precise GPS data processing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1125
JournalRemote Sensing
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018


  • Anomalous harmonics
  • Diurnal and semi-diurnal atmospheric tides
  • GPS data reprocessing
  • Spectrum analysis
  • Weighted root mean square analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)


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