The logic behind conflicts in land acquisitions in contemporary China: A framework based upon game theory

Chi Man Hui, Haijun Bao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

106 Citations (Scopus)


Conflicts over land have arisen frequently in China during rapid urbanization and have caused adverse impacts. Different from previous researches on land conflict analyzing its causes, types, consequences, methods of assessment and management, this paper develops a new analytic framework from a behavioral perspective based on game theory. The framework concerns the logic and strategy of conflicts of legal land acquisition, and that of illegal land conversion. The paper has established three innovative models: (1) the dynamic model for conflicts of legal land acquisition, (2) the game model of illegal land acquisition and (3) the game model of the black land market. These models are to explain how disputes and conflicts evolve and illustrate the logic and strategy of conflicts between local governments and farmers. Based on the Nash equilibrium of these models, the paper offers some important insights for policy direction in land acquisition and conflict management.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-380
Number of pages8
JournalLand Use Policy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013


  • Conflicts
  • Game theory
  • Land acquisition
  • Urbanization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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