Decreased mechanical loading, such as bed rest, results in skeletal muscle atrophy. The functional consequences of decreased mechanical loading include a loss of muscle mass and decreased muscle strength, particularly in anti-gravity muscles. The purpose of this investigation was to clarify the regulatory role of the transient receptor potential canonical type 1 (TRPC1) protein during muscle atrophy and regrowth. Mice were subjected to 14 days of hindlimb unloading followed by 3, 7, 14 and 28 days of reloading. Weight-bearing mice were used as controls. TRPC1 expression in the soleus muscle decreased significantly and persisted at 7 days of reloading. Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated downregulation of TRPC1 in weight-bearing soleus muscles resulted in a reduced muscle mass and a reduced myofibre cross-sectional area (CSA). Microinjecting siRNA into soleus muscles in vivo after 7 days of reloading provided further evidence for the role of TRPC1 in regulating muscle regrowth. Myofibre CSA, as well as the percentage of slow myosin heavy chain-positive myofibres, was significantly lower in TRPC1-siRNA-expressing muscles than in control muscles after 14 days of reloading. Additionally, inhibition of calcineurin (CaN) activity downregulated TRPC1 expression in both weight-bearing and reloaded muscles, suggesting a possible association between CaN and TRPC1 during skeletal muscle regrowth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas