The influence of running shoes on familiarization time for treadmill running biomechanics evaluation

Meizhen Huang (Corresponding Author), Shiwei Mo, Peter Pak-Kwan Chan, Zoe Y.S. Chan, Janet H. Zhang-Lea, Roy T.H. Cheung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This study investigated treadmill familiarisation time in different shoe conditions by comparing lower limb consecutive kinematics waveforms using a trend symmetry method to calculate trend symmetry index, range amplitude ratio and range offset. Eighteen young adults (26.6 ± 3.3 years, 7 females) completed three 10-minute running trials at their preferred running speed (2.30 ± 0.17 m/s) on a treadmill with three shoe conditions (i.e., usual, minimalist and maximalist shoes) in a random order. Sagittal lower limb kinematic data were recorded using inertial measurement units. The results showed that sagittal-plane kinematic waveforms in the hip, knee and ankle remained consistent (trend symmetry > 0.95) without extreme excursions (range amplitude ratio ≈ 1) over 10 minutes within each testing shoe condition. Significant time × shoe interaction effect was observed in range offset (i.e., absolute differences in the average degree of kinematic waveforms between consecutive minutes) at ankle (p = 0.029, ŋp2 = 0.096) and knee (p = 0.002, ŋp2 = 0.126). Post-hoc analysis suggested that running with novel shoes required a shorter time to achieve stable lower limb kinematics (2 to 3 minutes) compared with usual shoes (7 minutes). In conclusion, young healthy adults need up to 3 and 7 minutes to familiarise to the treadmill when running at their preferred speed with their novel and usual running shoes.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSports Biomechanics
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2 Mar 2022


  • Adaptation
  • footwear
  • gait
  • trend symmetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


Dive into the research topics of 'The influence of running shoes on familiarization time for treadmill running biomechanics evaluation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this