The implementation and performance outcomes of ISO 9000 in service organizations: An empirical taxonomy

Ka Chun Lee, W. M. To, Billy T.W. yu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the patterns with which ISO 9000:2000 was implemented in service organizations, and to examine the performance outcomes and contextual factors which are associated with different ISO 9000:2000 implementation patterns. Design/methodology/approach – Based on a literature review of quality management practice, a questionnaire was developed based on quality management principles of ISO 9000:2000 and three propositions. The propositions were tested using responses from managers or executives in 45 service organizations. Findings – Cluster analysis shows that there are two markedly different ISO 9000:2000 implementation patterns among sample organizations. The analysis results also indicate that organizations with different ISO 9000:2000 implementation patterns performed differently in the two outcomes analysed. Research limitations/implications – Managers in service organizations must realize that ISO 9000:2000 is capable of generating a competitive advantage only if top management is fully committed to the program implementation from a strategic perspective. Originality/value – The paper contributes to the literature by offering new insights on the implementation patterns of ISO 9000:2000 in service organizations and their relationships with performance outcomes and contextual factors.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-662
Number of pages17
JournalInternational Journal of Quality & Reliability Management
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2009


  • China
  • ISO 9000 series
  • Performance measures
  • Quality management
  • Service industries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Strategy and Management

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