The Impact of Positive Youth Development Attributes and Life Satisfaction on Academic Well-Being: A Longitudinal Mediation Study

Daniel T.L. Shek, Wenyu Chai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


While research studies revealed that positive youth development (PYD) attributes have beneficial impact on adolescent developmental outcomes, whether and how PYD qualities are related to academic well-being (such as academic stress and academic satisfaction) are unclear. Based on a longitudinal study (N = 2,312 secondary school students; Mage = 12.54 ± 0.68; 51% female) in Hong Kong, the present study tested a longitudinal mediation model in which it was hypothesized that PYD qualities predicted life satisfaction, academic stress, and academic satisfaction, with satisfaction with life mediating the influence of PYD qualities on academic well-being. Results showed that PYD qualities positively predicted academic satisfaction but negatively predicted academic stress over time. While life satisfaction partially mediated the influence of PYD attributes on academic satisfaction, it fully mediated the influence of PYD attributes on academic stress. The present study supports the proposed conceptual model and underscores the role of PYD qualities in academic well-being through the mediation of life satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2126
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • academic satisfaction
  • academic stress
  • life satisfaction
  • longitudinal study
  • positive youth development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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