This paper aims to investigate the contagion across European securitised real estate markets during the European sovereign debt crisis by the Forbes-Rigobon test, the coskewness test and the cokurtosis test. The new cokurtosis test is constructed by extending the method of constructing the coskewness test to further higher order moments. The results reveal that the cokurtosis test can show additional channels of contagion of which the other tests fail to show, and hence can provide more information on the direction of contagion, and reflect a more complete picture of the contagion pattern. This study has implications to investors and policy-makers. During a crisis, investors should reallocate their portfolio to reduce their loss. Policy-makers should cooperate with other authorities and act accordingly in order to stabilise the economy.
- European sovereign debt crisis
- real estate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geography, Planning and Development
- Urban Studies