The efficacy of a group triple P (Positive parenting program) for Chinese parents with a child diagnosed with ADHD in Hong Kong: A pilot randomised controlled study

May Lan Alma Mary Gerardina Au, Kam Mei Lau, Ada Hsu Chong Wong, Candy Lam, Man Cynthia Leung, Joseph Lau, Yiu Ki Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The present pilot study evaluated the efficacy of the Level 4 Group Positive Parenting Program (Triple P) with Hong Kong Chinese parents who had a child with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), using a randomised controlled trial design. It was a mixed research method involving quantitative measurement and semi-structured focus group. Participants were randomly assigned to Triple P (n=8) or control group (n=9) and completed measures on child disruptive behaviours, sense of parenting efficacy and satisfaction, family stress and service needs. Outcomes were assessed at pre-, post-, and 3-month follow-up. A focus group was also conducted with the participants in the intervention group upon the programme completion. Compared with the control group, the intervention group reported a significant reduction in intensity of child behaviour problems and a significant increase in parenting efficacy at post-intervention. The gain in reducing intensity of child disruptive behaviours maintained to 3 months after the completion of programme. Qualitative data suggested the three key elements to help both parents and children get positive changes: understanding and empathy, emotional control, and persistence in applying positive parenting strategies. The results partially provided preliminary evidence supporting the efficacy of Triple P in reducing child behaviour problems for ADHD in Chinese society.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)151-162
Number of pages12
JournalAustralian Psychologist
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014


  • ADHD
  • Chinese parents
  • Focus group
  • Organisational skills
  • Parenting programme
  • Triple P

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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