The Effects of Storytelling With or Without Social Contextual Information Regarding Eye Gaze and Visual Attention in Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorder and Typical Development: A Randomized, Controlled Eye-Tracking Study

Wilson Y.F. Tang, Kenneth N.K. Fong (Corresponding Author), Raymond C.K. Chung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the effects of storytelling with or without contextual information on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typical development (TD) using eye-tracker. They were randomized into two groups—the stories included and did not include social contextual information respectively. Training was delivered in groups, with eight sessions across four weeks, 30 min/session. Participants’ fixation duration, visit duration, and fixation count on human faces from 20 photos and a video were recorded. Our findings revealed that storytelling with social contextual information enhanced participants’ eye gazes on eyes/ faces in static information (photos) for both children with ASD and TD, but the same advantage could not be seen for children with ASD in regard to dynamic information (videos). Clinical Trial Registration Number (URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov): NCT04587557

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • Eye tracking
  • Occupational therapy
  • Social contextual information
  • Storytelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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