The effects of Southeast Asia fire activities on tropospheric ozone, trace gases and aerosols at a remote site over the Tibetan Plateau of Southwest China

C. Y. Chan, K. H. Wong, Yok Sheung Li, L. Y. Chan, X. D. Zheng

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Abstract

Tropospheric ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), total reactive nitrogen (NOy) and aerosols (PM2.5and PM10) were measured on the southeastern Tibetan Plateau at Tengchong (25.01°N, 98.3°E, 1960 m a.s.l.) in Southwest China, where observational data is scarce, during a field campaign of the TAPTO-China (Transport of Air Pollutants and Tropospheric O3over China) in the spring of 2004. Fire maps derived from satellite data and backward air trajectories were used to trace the source regions and transport pathways of pollution. Ozone, CO, NOy, PM10and PM2.5had average concentrations of 26 ± 8 ppb, 179 ± 91 ppb, 2.7 ± 1.2 ppb and 34 ± 23 and 28 ± 19 μg/m3, respectively. The measured O3level is low when compared with those reported for similar longitudinal sites in Southeast (SE) Asia and northeastern Tibetan Plateau in Northwest China suggesting that there exist complex O3variations in the Tibetan Plateau and its neighbouring SE Asian region. High levels of pollution with hourly averages of O3, CO, NOy, PM10and PM2.5concentrations up to 59, 678 and 7.7 ppb and 158 and 137 μg/m3, respectively, were observed. The increase of pollutants in the lower troposphere was caused by regional built-up and transport of pollution from active fire regions of the SE Asia subcontinent and from northern South Asia. Our results showed that pollution transport from SE Asia and South Asia had relatively stronger impacts than that from Central and South China on the abundance of O3, trace gases and aerosols in the background atmosphere of the Tibetan Plateau of Southwest China.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)310-318
Number of pages9
JournalTellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volume58
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science

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