The effects of safety climate on vessel accidents in the container shipping context

Chin-shan Lu, Chaur Luh Tsai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)


This study empirically evaluates the influence of safety climate on vessel accidents from a seafarer's perspective, specifically in the container shipping context. Factor analysis revealed six safety climate dimensions: management safety practices, supervisor safety practices, safety attitude, safety training, job safety, and co-workers' safety practices. Logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the effects of safety climate dimensions on vessel accidents in respect of crew fatality and vessel failure. Study findings indicated that management safety practices, safety training, and job safety dimensions significantly affect crew fatality incidence, and the job safety dimension has a significant influence on vessel failure. Overall, results suggest the job safety dimension has the most important effect on vessel accidents, followed by management safety practices and safety training dimensions. Theoretical and practical implications of the findings for vessel accident prevention in the container shipping context are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)594-601
Number of pages8
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Container shipping
  • Factor analysis
  • Safety climate
  • Seafarers
  • Vessel accidents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Law


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