The Effects of Light Therapy on Sleep, Agitation and Depression in People With Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Kenneth N.K. Fong (Corresponding Author), Xiangyang Ge, K. H. Ting, Minchen Wei, Hilda Cheung

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the effects of light therapy on the alleviation of sleep disturbances, agitation and depression in people with dementia. Methods: A search was performed in PubMed, Medline, SCOPUS, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, for studies published between 2000 and 2021. Results: A total of 4315 articles were screened. Sixteen articles were eligible for this review and 11 randomized controlled studies were included in the meta-analysis. Light therapy had a significant effect on reducing the number of awakenings in sleep (n = 4; 95% CI = −.56, −.05; I2 = 0%; SMD = −.31) but was not significant in reducing the wake after sleep onset (n = 3; 95% CI = −.14,.59; I2 = 0%; SMD =.23), agitation (n = 4; 95% CI = −1.02,.45; I2 = 87%; SMD = −.28) and depression (n = 6; 95% CI = −.80,.40, I2 = 85%; SMD = −.20). Conclusion: Light therapy appeared to be more effective in terms of alleviating sleep disturbances, rather than reducing agitation and depression, but its long-term effects remain unclear.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and other Dementias
Volume38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • behavioral and psychological symptoms
  • dementia
  • light therapy
  • sleep

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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