The effects of government-sponsored venture capital: International evidence

James A. Brander, Qianqian Du, Thomas Hellmann

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

150 Citations (Scopus)


For Permissions, please email: [email protected]. This article examines enterprises funded by government-sponsored venture capitalists (GVCs). We find that enterprises funded by both GVCs and private venture capitalists (PVCs) obtain more investment than enterprises funded purely by PVCs, and much more than those funded purely by GVCs. Also, markets with more GVC funding have more VC funding per enterprise and more VC-funded enterprises, suggesting that GVC finance largely augments rather than displaces PVC finance. There is also a positive association between mixed GVC/PVC funding and successful exits, as measured by initial public offerings (IPOs) and acquisitions, attributable largely to the additional investment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)571-618
Number of pages48
JournalReview of Finance
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • G24
  • G28

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance


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