The effects of exposure to scenarios about dementia on stigma and attitudes toward dementia care in a Chinese community

Sheung Tak Cheng, Linda C.W. Lam, Liliane C.K. Chan, Alexander C.B. Law, Ada W.T. Fung, Wai Chi Chan, Cindy W.C. Tam, Wai Man Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: This study investigated whether brief exposure to information has any effect on stigmatizing attitudes towards older people with dementia, and how people responded to this medical diagnosis. Methods: 494 adults were randomly assigned to three groups differentiated by experimental conditions. Group A (control) responded to questions on stigma directly. Group B (symptom) read two vignettes that described the symptoms of two fictitious individuals with dementia, before answering questions on stigma. Group C (label) read the same vignettes which ended with a statement that the person was recently diagnosed with dementia by a physician. Data were analyzed with ANOVA, together with other pre-existing between-subjects factors. Results: Brief exposure to information about dementia led to a statistically significant reduction in stigma (Groups B, C < A), regardless of whether the diagnostic label of "dementia" was included or not. Moreover, lower stigma was reported by persons who knew a relative or friend with dementia, who were younger and more educated, and who thought dementia was treatable. Conclusions: As stigmatizing attitudes toward dementia are still a hindrance to early help-seeking in Asian communities, the findings suggest that community education may play a useful role in alleviating this barrier to early detection and intervention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1433-1441
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • dementia
  • public education
  • stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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