Film cooling using coolant jets is effective for increasing the cooling effectiveness of turbines. In the present study, large eddy simulation was employed for predicting small-scale vortices in the film-cooling process with different blowing ratios (BRs). The counter-rotating vortex pair (CRVP) was compared with the hairpin vortex, and results indicated the CRVP was the cross section of hairpin vortex. The results of a spectral analysis indicated a high correlation between the shedding period of the CRVP and the film-cooling effectiveness, and the dominant frequencies of the temperature and vorticity spectra were both identical to the shedding frequency of the CRVP when BR is less than 0.75. Furthermore, a higher shedding frequency of CRVP will suck the hot cross-flow into the core region more frequently, which will lead to a worse film-cooling effectiveness.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes