The effect of stretching on ultraviolet protection of cotton and cotton/coolmax-blended weft knitted fabric in a dry state

Chi Wai Kan, Lim Yung Yam, Sun Pui Ng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, the ultraviolet protection factor (UPF) of weft knitted fabrics made from 20Ne cotton yarn, Coolmax yarn and their blends in dry, relaxed and stretched states were studied. According to the fibre composition, samples were divided into three groups: Group I (single cotton yarn); Group II (cotton/cotton combination); and Group III (Coolmax/cotton combination) for discussion. In addition, yarn and fabric properties such as yarn tenacity, yarn strength, fibre combination and water vapour transmission that affect the corresponding UPF values are used for formulating a prediction model in order to determine UPF. Generally speaking, when samples are measured under stretched conditions in a dry state, they exhibit a remarkable reduction in ultraviolet protective power, as pores are opened up and UV radiation can easily penetrate through these pores. In addition, greater stretch percentage came along with greater reduction in UPF. This can be explained by the fact that the amount and the size of pores increase when samples are subjected to greater tension.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4985-4999
Number of pages15
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2013


  • Coolmax
  • Cotton
  • Dry
  • Relax
  • Stretching
  • Ultraviolet protection factor (UPF)
  • Weft knitted fabric

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

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