The conventional rigid spinal orthosis and the flexible spinal orthosis, SpineCor, have different treatment principles in the management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). These may influence the patients' gait pattern and clinical outcome. In this study, gait analysis on patients with AIS undergoing these two orthotic interventions were conducted. The patients' lower limb kinematic and kinetic data during level walking were collected using a motion analysis system and two force platforms in four test conditions: pre-intervention, having used the orthosis for 1 month and 1 year (in and out of the orthosis). Twenty-one subjects were randomly assigned to the rigid spinal orthosis group (10 subjects) and the SpineCor group (11 subjects). Neither group showed gait asymmetry when comparing the convex and concave sides in the four test conditions. However, significant reduction in the range of motion of the pelvis and hip joints in the coronal plane were found. Although patients with AIS undergoing these two orthotic interventions showed significant changes in walking pattern within the study period, their long-term effect on gait and function requires further investigation through long-term prospective studies.
- Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
- Gait analysis
- Rigid spinal orthosis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine