The effect of myopic axial elongation and posture on the pulsatile ocular blood flow in young normal subjects

Kwok Cheung Andrew Lam, Stephen Wong, Siu Yin Lam, Chi Ho To

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose. This study investigated the effect of myopic axial elongation on pulsatile ocular blood flow (POBF) in young normal subjects. A regression equation was derived to quantify the effect. The effect of posture in POBF for eyes with different axial lengths was studied to determine if axial myopia, with different ocular volumes, would result in a change in POBF with various postures. Methods. Seventy-nine normal subjects (38 males and 41 females) with different refractive errors were recruited. The mean age of the subjects was 22 years, and only the right eye was used for analysis. The axial length (AL) was measured, followed by Perkins intraocular pressure (IOP) and POBF with an OBF tonometer (OBF Labs [UK] Ltd) in a sitting posture. An "erected arm" blood pressure (BP) was measured with an automatic sphygmomanometer for the calculation of ocular perfusion pressure (OPP), using the formula: mean BP - IOP, where the mean BP was calculated as one third of the systolic blood pressure plus two thirds of the diastolic blood pressure. The measurements of IOP, POBF, and BP were repeated in a supine posture. Results. The POBF was negatively correlated with AL (r = -0.57, p < 0.01). The regression line was in the form of POBF (μl/min) = -78.5 × AL (mm) + 2655.7. There was a significant reduction (17%) in POBF in a supine posture (p < 0.01). The reduction was not significantly correlated with AL. The pulse amplitude also demonstrated a 10% reduction from postural variation (p < 0.01). The OPP increased significantly (33%) in the supine posture (p < 0.01). Conclusions. The POBF was significantly influenced by AL. Therefore, AL should be measured in determining the POBF, especially in young myopic subjects. The amount of postural variation in POBF was similar to previous studies with young subjects and was not affected by AL.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)300-305
Number of pages6
JournalOptometry and Vision Science
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


  • Axial length
  • Ocular pulse amplitude
  • Plsatile ocular blood flow

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Optometry


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