The effect of electrolyte type on performance of solid oxide fuel cells running on hydrocarbon fuels

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30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A two-dimensional model is developed to simulate the performance of methane fueled solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), focusing on the effect of electrolyte type on SOFC performance. The model considers the heat and mass transfer, direct internal reforming (DIR) reaction, water gas shift reaction (WGSR), and electrochemical reactions in SOFCs. The electrochemical oxidation of CO in oxygen ion-conducting SOFC (O-SOFC) is considered. The present study reveals that the performance of H-SOFC is lower than that of O-SOFC at a high temperature or at a low operating potential, as electrochemical oxidation of CO in O-SOFC contributes to power generation. This finding is contrary to our common understanding that proton conducting SOFC (H-SOFC) always performs better than O-SOFC. However, at a high operating potential of 0.8 V or at a lower temperature, H-SOFC does exhibit better performance than O-SOFC due to its higher Nernst potential and higher ionic conductivity of the electrolyte. This indicates that the proton conductors can be good choices for SOFCs at intermediate temperature, even with hydrocarbons fuels. The results provide better understanding on how the electrolyte type influences the performance of SOFCs running on hydrocarbon fuels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2846-2858
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Electrochemical oxidation
  • Electrolyte
  • Hydrocarbon fuels
  • Internal reforming
  • Protonic ceramics
  • Solid oxide fuel cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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