The effect of a restraint reduction program on physical restraint rates in rehabilitation settings in Hong Kong

K.Y.C. Lai, S.K.Y. Chow, Kwai Ping Lorna Suen, I.Y.C. Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


Background. In view of the adverse effects of using restraints, studies examining the use of restraint reduction programs (RRPs) are needed. Objectives. To investigate the effect of an RRP on the reduction of physical restraint rates in rehabilitation hospitals.||Methods. A prospective quasi-experimental clinical trial was conducted. Demographic data, medical and health-related information on recruited patients from two rehabilitation hospitals, as well as facility data on restraint rates were collected.||Results. The increase in the restraint rate in the control site was 4.3 times greater than that in the intervention site. Changes in the restraint mode, from continuous to intermittent, and the type of restraint used were found between the pre- and postintervention periods in both the control site and the intervention site.||Discussion. Compared with that in the control site, the RRP in the intervention site helped arrest any increase in the restraint rate although it had no effect on physical restraint reduction. The shift of restraint mode from continuous to intermittent in the intervention site was one of the positive outcomes of the RRP.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalRehabilitation Research and Practice
Publication statusPublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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