The causality between energy consumption and economic growth for China in a time-varying framework

Jin Zhang, David Clive Broadstock

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Extending existing studies based on constant structure, we adopt a time-varying approach to study energy consumption and GDP causality for China in a context of industrialization and urbanization. We find that in light of structural change, China's energy consumption is trend-stationary and thus forms no cointegration with GDP. Further, the relationship between energy consumption and GDP is two-way causal and has been decreasing in strength over time. Finally, industrialization and urbanization, especially the former, have limited effects on energy consumption, suggesting the decreasing energy intensities in individual sectors, instead of structure shift between sectors, as the main reason for China's decreasing energy intensity over the years.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)29-53
Number of pages25
JournalEnergy Journal
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • China
  • Economic growth
  • Energy consumption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Energy(all)

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