The Borat effect: Film-induced tourism gone wrong

Stephen Albert Pratt

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


This research estimates the economic impact of an increase in tourism to Kazakhstan as a result of the film Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan, released in 2006. The film, controversial for its shock value, portrayed Kazakhstan in a negative light, yet raised awareness of the country as a tourist destination. Despite the negative depiction of Kazakhstan, international tourist expenditure increased by 6.4%. However, the increase in tourism was estimated to have an overall adverse effect on the economy. This adverse effect on the rest of the economy overshadowed the positive benefits of tourism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)977-993
Number of pages17
JournalTourism Economics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015


  • Borat
  • Computable general equilibrium model
  • Economic impact
  • Film-induced tourism
  • Kazakhstan

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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