The biomechanical evaluation of patient transfer tasks by female nursing students: With and without a transfer belt

Kin Cheung (Corresponding Author), Jay Dai, Chun Lok Cheung, Hung Kai Cho, Yan Lam Chow, Hoi Leong Calvin Li, Man Ying Ngan, Grace Szeto, Ka Yin Fung, Wai Sze Lam, Sin Ying Ng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This study was to examine the kinematics, muscle activities, and perceived physical exertion in different regions of the spine during patient transfers by nursing students between a bed and a wheelchair, with or without a transfer belt in a laboratory setting. Results showed that with the effect of the belt, the % maximum voluntary contraction of the lumbar erector spinae was reduced significantly by nearly 10%. Muscle activity was significantly increased in thoracic erector and multifidus spinae during wheelchair-to-bed transfer, compared to bed-to-wheelchair transfers. There was no significant effect of belt or task on the spinal angular displacement in different spinal regions. Using the transfer belt was associated with a significantly decreased score for perceived exertion. In conclusion, this study supports the use of a transfer belt contributing to lower muscle activity and lower perceived physical exertion in the low back.

Original languageEnglish
Article number102940
JournalApplied Ergonomics
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


  • Electromyography
  • Kinematics
  • Low-tech patient transfer assistive devices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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