The augmented convention offering: The impact of destination and product images on attendees' perceived benefits

Makarand Mody, Susan Gordon, Xinran Lehto, Siu Ian So, Mimi Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In order to benefit from the significant dual spending of meetings, incentives, conventions/conferences, exhibitions/events (MICE) attendees, destination marketers have attempted to identify key success criteria that enable increased convention and exhibition participation. Given the significant growth of the MICE industry in Asia, this study examines the role of destination and product images on Chinese attendees' perceptions of the benefits acquired through convention and exhibition participation in the regions of Macau and Hong Kong. Data were collected using an intercept survey and a systematic random sampling procedure. Structural Equation Modeling was used to test a model that integrates two strands of literature from the fields of marketing and international business: Product-Country Image (PCI) and the Augmented Service Offering (ASO). Results show that a favorable overall destination image positively impacts the image of the MICE product of the destination, which, in turn, leads to a greater perception of personal and professional benefit acquisition. Based on these findings, the authors propose the Augmented MICE Offering as a theoretical framework that can serve as a foundation for more comprehensive inquiry into the decision-making process of the MICE attendee and postattendance behavioral impacts. The study also provides important positioning and communication implications for MICE destinations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalTourism Analysis
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016


  • Augmented service offering (ASO)
  • Convention
  • Destination image
  • Exhibition
  • Motivation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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