The adsorption kinetics and mechanism of odorous gases onto textile fibers

Wenli Bai, Hao Yu, Longlong Liu, Esfandiar Pakdel, Bin Tang, Hongli Su, Christopher Huren, Lei Liu, Jinfeng Wang (Corresponding Author), Xungai Wang (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Malodor is regarded as a very significant nuisance, 2nd only to noise pollution, in the developed world. It directly impacts people's health and wellbeing. The prevention of odor build-up is a key property for both interior textiles and active sportswear. Traditional approaches for odor elimination rely on textile surface treatment. However, the role of intrinsic morphology and chemical composition of fibers in odor elimination has not been taken into account. In this study, the adsorption characteristics and mechanisms of three common types of fibers (wool, cotton and nylon) for two typical odors of acetic acid and ammonia were systematically investigated through kinetic modelling, the inverse gas chromatography (IGC) technique, and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. Both acetic acid and ammonia adsorption onto fibers followed a pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Among all the tested fibers, wool showed the highest adsorption ability towards both acetic acid and ammonia. The adsorption behaviors of cotton and nylon were explored based on quantitative measurement of surface Lewis acid-base properties using the IGC technique. These findings were further corroborated by DFT calculations via the interactions between fibers and the adsorbed odor. This study provides a new insight into odor adsorption onto commonly used fibers and their interactions, which is a key step in developing fibrous materials for odor control, including body odor and indoor air pollutants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-367
Number of pages10
JournalRSC Sustainability
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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