The Ab Initio Calculations on the Areal Specific Resistance of Li-Metal/Li7La3Zr2O12 Interphase

Jian Gao, Xuyun Guo, Yutao Li, Zhaohui Ma, Xiangxin Guo, Hong Li, Ye Zhu, Weidong Zhou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The solid–solid interfacial impedance between the garnet electrolyte and Li metal anode is one of the major challenges for garnet's application in all-solid-state batteries. The areal specific resistance (ASR) is investigated by ab initio calculations in this article, to predict the intrinsic ASR as lower limitation. The Li ion migration across the interphase is divided into two steps: 1) Li "intercalation" from Li-metal to the LLZO, forming a Li-rich interphase beneath the surface of LLZO, and 2) Li migration in the Li-rich interphase within LLZO. The first step is investigated by climbing image nudged elastic band (CI-NEB), resulting in barrier energy lower than 0.37 eV compared to experimental 0.34 eV of the garnet bulk phase. The second step is investigated by ab initio molecular dynamic simulations (AIMD), indicating that the Li-rich interphase's conductivity is lower by about 1–2 orders of magnitude compared to the bulk phase. As a result, the sum theoretical intrinsic ASR is as low as 0.01 Ω cm2, suggesting high ASR in practicable battery arises from surficial impurity Li2CO3 rather than intrinsic ionic resistance. However, difficulties of removing Li2CO3 lie in that Li7La3Zr2O12 can thermodynamically decompose into reactive Li2O to form high resistant Li2CO3.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900028
JournalAdvanced Theory and Simulations
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • ab initio calculations
  • garnet electrolyte
  • interphase
  • lithium anode
  • lithium batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Statistics and Probability


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