Accumulating evidence shows that genes that cause monogenic diseases also contribute to similar complex disease in the general population. We sought to determine whether the allelic variation in seven monogenic bone disease genes (CLCN7, TCIRGI, SOST, CA2, CSTK, TGFB1 and SLC26A2) contributes to osteoporosis/bone mineral density (BMD) variation in the normal Chinese population. We conducted a gene-wide tag SNP-based association study in 1243 Chinese subjects with low BMD (Z-scores ≤ - 1.28, equivalent to the lowest 10% of the population) and high BMD (Z-score ≥ + 1.0). Twenty-two tag SNPs were selected and genotyped by using the high-throughput Sequenom genotyping platform. Allelic and haplotype association tests were conducted by Haploview and binary logistic regression analyses. The - 9247 polymorphism rs1230399 in the upstream regulatory region of the sclerostin gene showed significant genotypic/allelic associations with spine, femoral neck, trochanter and total hip BMD (P = 0.03-0.004). The T-allele of rs1230399 increased the risk of osteoporosis (OR = 1.52, P = 0.005). Computational analysis showed that rs1230399 is located at the core consensus recognition site of two cooperating transcription factors C/EBPα and FOXA1 that modulate estrogen receptor function. T → C polymorphism abolishes the binding of both C/EBPα and FOXA1 to the sclerostin gene. Our data suggest a mechanistic link between rs1230399 and BMD through estrogen ERα/FOXA1 signaling pathways driven by long-distance enhancers.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism