The 2007-8 volcanic eruption on Jebel at Tair island (Red Sea) observed by satellite radar and optical images

Wenbin Xu, Sigurjón Jónsson

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We use high-resolution optical images and Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) data to study the September 2007-January 2008 Jebel at Tair eruption. Comparison of pre- and post-eruption optical images reveals several fresh ground fissures, a new scoria cone near the summit, and that 5.9 ± 0.1 km2of new lava covered about half of the island. Decorrelation in the InSAR images indicates that lava flowed both to the western and to the northeastern part of the island after the start of the eruption, while later lavas were mainly deposited near the summit and onto the north flank of the volcano. From the InSAR data, we also estimate that the average thickness of the lava flows is 3.8 m, resulting in a bulk volume of around 2.2 × 107m3. We observe no volcano-wide pre- or post-eruption uplift, which suggests that the magma source may be deep. The co-eruption interferograms, on the other hand, reveal local and rather complex deformation. We use these observations to constrain a tensile dislocation model that represents the dike intrusion that fed the eruption. The model results show that the orientation of the dike is perpendicular to the Red Sea rift, implying that the local stresses within the volcanic edifice are decoupled from the regional stress field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
Number of pages14
JournalBulletin of Volcanology
Volume76
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • High-resolution optical satellite imagery
  • InSAR
  • Red sea
  • Volcanology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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