Textile-Enabled Highly Reproducible Flexible Pressure Sensors for Cardiovascular Monitoring

Ningqi Luo, Jun Zhang, Xiaorong Ding, Zhiqiang Zhou, Quan Zhang, Yuan Ting Zhang, Shih Chi Chen, Jinlian Hu, Ni Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Flexible piezoresistive sensors (FPS) with high reproducibility and hysteresis-free pressure response are highly desirable for various emerging biomedical applications. In this work, the potential of using regularly interlaced textile materials to achieve high-repeatability and low-hysteresis FPS is explored. It is found that the structural flexibility and surface regularity of knitted fabric structures can in general provide reproducible pressure response; however, response fluctuations and hysteresis are still present due to the inevitable inelastic deformation of the textiles. To address this limitation, carbon black particles and polyvinylidene fluoride are introduced in the knitted fabric as the electrical and mechanical interconnects, respectively, between the fibers. Through composition optimization, the pressure response variation is reduced to below 2% and the hysteresis loop deviation is decreased to below 10% for single sensors. The performance variation among multiple sensors is as low as 5%, much smaller than the 33% variation of the sensors made with nonwoven fabrics. Utilizing the high sensor repeatability, sensor arrays and multisite sensor network are successfully realized for monitoring superficial temporal artery pulse pressure and pulse wave velocity, which demonstrate the potential of using wearable sensing systems for multifunctional cardiovascular monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700222
JournalAdvanced Materials Technologies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • flexible pressure sensors
  • hysteresis
  • knitted fabric
  • piezoresistive
  • repeatability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Textile-Enabled Highly Reproducible Flexible Pressure Sensors for Cardiovascular Monitoring'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this