Tests on seawater and sea sand concrete-filled CFRP, BFRP and stainless steel tubular stub columns

Y. L. Li, X. L. Zhao, R. K. Raman Singh, S. Al-Saadi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

139 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an experimental study on concrete-filled circular tubes that consisted of seawater and sea sand concrete (SWSSC), stainless steel (SS) tube, carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) tube, and basalt fibre reinforced polymer (BFRP) tube. A total of 38 stub columns, which included 12 hollow section tubes, 12 fully SWSSC-filled tubes and 14 SWSSC-filled double-skin tubes, with four combinations of inner and outer tubes, were tested under axial compression. Tensile coupon tests and “disk-split” tests were conducted to obtain the material properties of SS, CFRP and BFRP. Ultimate strain of SWSSC-filled tubes and stress-strain curves of the confined concrete were characterised in the study. The effects of some key parameters (e.g., tube diameter-to-thickness ratio, cross-section types, outer tube types, and inner tube types) on the confinement effects were also discussed. Comparisons were made among CFRP, BFRP and glass fibre reinforced polymer (GFRP) in terms of confinement to SWSSC. The capacity prediction formulae previously proposed by the authors for SWSSC filled GFRP tubes were found to be reasonable for estimating the load carrying capacity of SWSSC filled CFRP and BFRP tubes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-184
Number of pages22
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Axial compression
  • BFRP
  • CFRP
  • GFRP
  • Seawater and sea sand concrete (SWSSC)
  • Stainless steel
  • Stub columns

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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