Tests of concrete-filled stainless steel tubular T-joints

R. Feng, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a test program on a wide range of concrete-filled cold-formed stainless steel tubular T-joints fabricated from square hollow section (SHS) and rectangular hollow section (RHS) brace and chord members. A total of 27 tests was performed. The chord member of the test specimen was filled with concrete along its full length. Both high strength stainless steel (duplex and high strength austenitic) and normal strength stainless steel (AISI 304) specimens filled with nominal concrete cylinder strength of 30 MPa were tested. The axial compression force was applied to the top end of the brace member, which was welded to the center of the chord member. Local buckling failure of brace member was the main failure mode observed during the tests. Hence, the axial compression force was then applied by means of a steel bearing plate to avoid failure of brace member. The failure modes of chord face failure and chord side wall failure as well as crushing of the concrete infill were observed. All the tests were performed by supporting the chord member of the specimen along its entire length to apply the pure concentrated force without any bending moment. The test results were also compared with design rules for carbon steel tubular structures, which is the only existing design guideline for concrete-filled tubular joints. It is shown that the design strengths predicted by the current design rules are quite conservative for the test specimens. It is also recommended that the contribution of stainless steel tubes should be included in the design rules since it has significant effects on the ultimate bearing capacity of concrete-filled stainless steel tubular T-joints. © 2008 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1283-1293
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2008
Externally publishedYes


  • Cold-formed steel
  • Concrete-filled
  • High strength
  • Rectangular hollow section
  • Square hollow section
  • Stainless steel
  • T-joints
  • Tubular structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


Dive into the research topics of 'Tests of concrete-filled stainless steel tubular T-joints'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this