Testing the individualized care model

Riitta Suhonen, Maritta Anneli Vaelimaeki, Helena Leino-Kilpi, Jouko Katajisto

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


Background. Although there has been some research to identify the dimensions on which individualized care should be measured, the indicators that constitute individualized care remain unclear. Objectives. To describe briefly the maintenance of individualized care and to test a hypothetical model of individualized care in a sample of surgical patients. Design and methods. A correlational survey design was used. Data were collected with questionnaires from adult patients (n = 454) discharged from surgical wards in one Finnish hospital district (response rate 91%). Structural equation modelling LISREL SIMPLIS using maximum likelihood estimation was used to estimate and test the parameters of the hypothesized model derived deductively from the previous literature. Results. The goodness-of-fit statistics supported the basic solution of the Individualized Care Model, although two additional paths indicating error covariances between the sub-concepts were identified in the revised model. In this model individualized care is defined in terms of patients' views of nursing activities aimed at supporting individuality in care and in terms of perceptions of individuality in their own care. Conclusions. The model has been found to capture attributes that characterize individualized care. It can be used as a basis for evaluation in clinical nursing practice from patients' point of view. The study highlights the importance of patients' clinical situation, personal life situation and decisional control as predictors of individualized care. The results also confirm the construct validity of the previously developed Individualized Care Scale.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-36
Number of pages10
JournalScandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Clinical situation
  • Decisional control
  • Individuality
  • Individualized care
  • Nursing
  • Personal life situation
  • Structural equation modelling
  • Surgical patient

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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