Testing and design of aluminum alloy cross sections in compression

M.-N. Su, Ben Young, L. Gardner

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

101 Citations (Scopus)


Aluminum alloys are used in a wide range of engineering applications and are gaining increasing usage in the construction sector, offering high strength-to-weight ratios and good durability. In this paper, a series of stub-column tests on aluminum alloy box sections with and without internal cross stiffeners is carried out to investigate cross-section capacity and to explore the possible exploitation of strain hardening in design. All existing stub-column test results from the literature were also collected. A database containing the results from 346 tests on aluminum alloy stub columns of box, channel, and angle sections, with a wide range of cross-section slendernesses, was formed. The test strengths were compared with the design strengths predicted by the current American, Australian/New Zealand, and European specifications. Furthermore, the test strengths were compared with those predicted by the deformation-based continuous strength method (CSM). Following reliability analyses, the design strengths predicted by the three current design specifications were found to be generally conservative, whereas the CSM offered improved design capacities, owing to its allowance for strain hardening. © 2014 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04014047
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Aluminum alloy
  • Angle
  • Stub columns
  • Testing
  • Buckling
  • Compressive capacities
  • Continuous strength method
  • Experimental investigation
  • Metal and composite structures
  • Plain channel
  • Square and rectangular hollow sections
  • Structural design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Testing and design of aluminum alloy cross sections in compression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this