Tensile size effect of engineered cementitious composites (ECC): Experimental and theoretical investigations

Junhong Ye, Jiangtao Yu, Jie Yu, Kequan Yu, Yichao Wang, Yiwei Weng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Size effect is a common phenomenon in construction materials and influences the application of concrete from laboratory to engineering practices. However, the impact of length variation on the tensile properties of engineered cementitious composites (ECC) lacks a comprehensive understanding from both experimental and theoretical aspects. This paper proposed three-level size effect laws (SELs) for the tensile size effect of ECC. The 1st and 2nd level SELs are established by an existing Weibull theory to determine the size effect on cracking strength (σc) and tensile strength (σtu), respectively. Afterward, a novel 3rd SEL is constructed to determine the size effect on tensile strain capacity (ɛtu) by combing the 1st and 2nd level SELs with strength criterion. To validate the SELs, uniaxial tensile tests were conducted on specimens with gauge length of 100 mm, 300 mm, and 500 mm. Results show that with the increase of gauge length, the σc, σtu, and ɛtu decrease by 10.4%, 21.7%, and 61.6%, respectively. A high prediction accuracy of abovementioned mechanical parameters is achieved (R2 = 0.98, 0.95, and 0.90, respectively). The findings reveal that the SELs can accurately predict the tensile properties of ECC with different lengths based on laboratory-obtained parameters to facilitate structural design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number133053
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2023


  • Engineered cementitious composites
  • Size effect
  • Tensile property
  • Weibull theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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