Tensile-relaxation study of camel hair fiber at elastic stretching region: Analytical model and experiment

Xueliang Xiao, Jinlian Hu, David Hui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Tensile-relaxation is important in processing α-keratin hair fibers. This study proposed a composite structure model for camel guard hair, which composes of non-consistent crystalline phase with linked fibrils in amorphous matrix. The structure model was used to interpret the specific tensile-relaxation manners of camel hair under dry, wet, halide and reductant ions treated conditions. Based on the structure model, an analytical model was proposed to predict the relaxation of stretched camel hair using parallel ideal spring and dashpot in series with a spring. The disintegration of crystalline phase was assumed to become one more parallel of spring and dashpot in addition to the original model. In cycles of tensile-relaxation test, the modulus and viscosity of spring and dashpot were obtained from the first relaxation manner. The following relaxation decays were thereafter analytically predicted, and verified by experimental data. It was found a good agreement from the comparison with less than 10% of error, indicating the assumption and prediction of the analytical model reasonable and acceptable.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)559-568
Number of pages10
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2016


  • A. Fibres
  • B. Stress relaxation
  • C. Analytical modelling
  • Camel hair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Tensile-relaxation study of camel hair fiber at elastic stretching region: Analytical model and experiment'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this