Temperature Modulated Gas Sensing E-Nose System for Low-Cost and Fast Detection

Xin Yin, Lei Zhang, Fengchun Tian, Dapeng Zhang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Constant sensor-heating voltage is commonly used in electronic nose, such that multiple sensors should be integrated as a sensor array in order to differentiate multiple odor analytes. However, supplying a constant heating voltage for each sensor cannot provide rich pattern information, resulting in high cost and weak capability of an E-nose in detection. To address this issue, this paper aims at introducing an optimal temperature modulation technique of gas sensors for achieving low-cost, fast, and accurate detection. The contributions of this paper include: 1) the temperature modulated gas sensing system proposed in this paper operates in a linearly dynamical region by generating a linear control signal waveform of sensors' heating voltage; 2) with a highly efficient extreme learning machine that follows a random projection-based learning mechanism, the proposed system is developed for simultaneous gas classification and gas concentration prediction; and 3) the optimal heating voltage analysis of gas sensors is explored by using machine learning methods for providing some perspective and insight for optimal heating voltage selection. The experimental results and comparisons in terms of gas classification accuracy, concentration prediction error, system cost, and power consumption significantly demonstrate the high precision and efficacy of our proposed E-nose system. The data are available in http://www.escience.cn/people/lei/index.html.
Original languageEnglish
Article number7283568
Pages (from-to)464-474
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2016


  • Electronic nose
  • extreme learning machine
  • gas detection
  • temperature modulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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