A fiber-optic strain sensor is demonstrated by using a short length of polarization-maintaining photonic crystal fiber (PM-PCF) as the sensing element inserted in a Sagnac loop interferometer. Spectrum shift in response of strain with a sensitivity of 0.23 pm//με is achieved, and the measurement range, by stretching the PM-PCF only, is up to 32 mε. Due to the ultralow thermal sensitivity of the PM-PCF, the proposed strain sensor is inherently insensitive to temperature, eliminating the requirement for temperature compensation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)