Temperature distribution and heat transfer characteristics of an inverse diffusion flame with circumferentially arranged fuel ports

L. K. Sze, Chun Shun Cheung, Chun Wah Leung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Experiments were conducted on IDFs burning butane. The flame holder has a central air jet surrounded by 12 circumferentially arranged fuel jets. The flame consisted of a short entrainment zone and a long mixing and combustion zone with intense combustion. The temperature profiles of the flame showed a cool core at low flame heights, which disappeared at high flame heights. The stagnation point heat flux and radial heat flux distribution of the same flame, upon impinging on a flat plate, also indicated a cool core at low nozzle-to-plate distance but disappeared at high nozzle-to-plate distance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3119-3129
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number14-16
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2004


  • Butane/air combustion
  • Heat flux
  • Impingement heat transfer
  • Inverse diffusion flame (IDF)
  • Nozzle-to-plate distance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering

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