Teachers' knowledge and technology acceptance: A study on the adoption of clickers

George Cheung, Hin Wang Kevin Chan, Ian Brown, Kelvin Wan

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Teacher acceptance is the key for the successful implementation of a new technology in education settings. While the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) offers a well-validated solution in explaining the behavioral intention of adopting an emerging technology, there are research gaps in understanding the determinants of the components in the model. Extending the previous model and applying it in the context of adoption of student response system (a.k.a. clickers), the current study explored the underlying factors that influence the core components of UTAUT - effort expectancy, performance expectancy, social influence, and facilitating conditions. In particular, the study examined the impact of teachers' knowledge on the evaluation of those components. Incorporating the concepts of Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK), the study attempted to investigate the association of teachers' knowledge and the major components in UTAUT. Fifty two teachers from 7 faculties at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University participated in our teacher survey between May and July 2015. Pearson's correlation analysis reveals that technological knowledge was positively correlated with effort expectancy (p<.01), performance expectancy (p<.01), and behavioral intention (p<.01). Further, there were positive associations between TPACK and performance expectancy (p<.01), effort expectancy (p<.01), facilitating conditions (p<.01), as well as behavioral intention (p<.01). Findings supported the hypothesis that teachers' knowledge is relevant to the perception on performance expectancy, effort expectancy, and facilitating conditions. In terms of theoretical implication, the current study extends the UTAUT by integrating the key concepts of TPACK in explaining the adoption of an emerging technology. As for practical implication, the study sheds light on strategies for successful implementation of clickers in university settings.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 11th International Conference on e-Learning, ICEL 2016
PublisherAcademic Conferences Limited
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781910810910
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Event11th International Conference on e-Learning, ICEL 2016 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 2 Jun 20163 Jun 2016


Conference11th International Conference on e-Learning, ICEL 2016
CityKuala Lumpur


  • Clickers
  • Student response system
  • Teaching with technology
  • Unified theory of acceptance and use of technology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Information Systems
  • Education


Dive into the research topics of 'Teachers' knowledge and technology acceptance: A study on the adoption of clickers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this