Targeted Quantification of Glutathione/Arginine Redox Metabolism Based on a Novel Paired Mass Spectrometry Probe Approach for the Functional Assessment of Redox Status

Zhu Jun Zhong, Jing Ling, Zhong Ping Yao, Li Fang Liu, Jia Yi Zheng, Gui Zhong Xin

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Glutathione (GSH) redox control and arginine metabolism are critical in regulating the physiological response to injury and oxidative stress. Quantification assessment of the GSH/arginine redox metabolism supports monitoring metabolic pathway shifts during pathological processes and their linkages to redox regulation. However, assessing the redox status of organisms with complex matrices is challenging, and single redox molecule analysis may not be accurate for interrogating the redox status in cells and in vivo. Herein, guided by a paired derivatization strategy, we present a new ultraperformance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)-based approach for the functional assessment of biological redox status. Two structurally analogous probes, 6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (AQC) and newly synthesized 2-methyl-6-aminoquinolyl-N-hydroxysuccinimidyl carbamate (MeAQC), were set for paired derivatization. The developed approach was successfully applied to LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells and HDM-induced asthma mice to obtain quantitative information on GSH/arginine redox metabolism. The results suggest that the redox status was remarkably altered upon LPS and HDM stimulation. We expect that this approach will be of good use in a clinical biomarker assay and potential drug screening associated with redox metabolism, oxidative damage, and redox signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9885-9893
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume96
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

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