Tannic acid/Mg2+-based versatile coating to manipulate the osteoimmunomodulation of implants

Min He, Xinhui Gao, Yadi Fan, Li Xie, Mo Yang, Weidong Tian

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)


Instead of directly stimulating osteogenesis, endowing an implant surface with a favourable osteoimmunomodulatory (OIM) function has emerged as a new effective strategy to enhance osteointegration. Though metal-phenolic coatings have demonstrated to possess an immunomodulatory function, their potential application in manipulating an osteoimmune response has not been well explored. Herein, in order to develop a simple, rapid and universal coating method to impart excellent OIM to hard tissue implants, tannic acid (TA) and Mg2+were selected to form a coating on Ti plate based on metal-phenolic chemistry. Besides its virtues of simplicity, ultrafastness, low-cost, and versatility, another merit for the coating method is that it can easily combine the unique functions of metal ions and phenolic ligands. The chelated Mg2+can not only activate macrophage polarization towards the anti-inflammatory phenotype but also directly stimulate the osteogenic differentiation of bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs). TA motifs rendered the coating with an excellent reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging capacity. TA and Mg2+showed synergistic effects on regulating macrophage biological behaviour, suppressing its polarization towards the M1 phenotype, and promoting its polarization towards the M2 phenotype.In vivohistological analysis also demonstrated that the TA/Mg2+coating could effectively inhibit the host response. Finally, the formed osteoimmune environment obviously enhanced the osteogenic differentiation of BMSCs. The above results demonstrated that the designed TA/Mg2+coating not only possessed the function of directly stimulating osteogenesis but also the function of manipulating OIM to a desired one. Hence, it has great potential to be applied on advanced hard tissue implants to enhance osteointegration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1096-1106
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry B
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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